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The climate of the State is determined by parameters such as
the distance from the sea, monsoon winds and physical features. The
Western Ghats act as the weather divide between the West coast
mountainous area having highest rainfall and eastern part with little
rainfall and draught prone areas. Western Ghats play a significant role
as an important physical feature in determining the climate of the
State. It also serves as catchment area giving birth to the rivers and
streams which flow both towards east and west. The ghats extend in
north south direction and are responsible for the heavy downpour all
along the coast and Malnad area. They act as barrier to the north
western monsoon winds. Since the catchment area is the main source
of water, this could amply be termed as the backbone of the State.
The district is known for highest annual rainfall, humidity and dynamic weather patterns. The year can be divided into four parts from the point of view of climate. It is summer between March and April months; south western monsoon extends from June to September The pre monsoon period commences from October and ends in November. Similarly, the period from December to February marks the regime of north-eastern monsoon. It rains in December, generally, due to north-eastern monsoon and the other two months are free from rains.
Of the total four important climatic zones, Udupi and South Kanara district encompasses two zones.
Coastal Region: This part lies between the Arabian Sea and Western Ghats and includes Dakshina Kannada district, Udupi district and south-west part of Uttara kannada district. It enjoys more than 3000 mm of annual rainfall and
Western Ghats and Malnad Areas: This forms part of mountain and forest areas lying to the east of western margin of Western Ghats.