Discover our Spirit
The wild life of Udupi district is both abundant and varied. It is the home of a variety of fauna which are both small and big, including vertebrates. It is apparent that the fauna and more particularly the percentage of larger mammals essentially reflect the abundance of flora in the area. It is no strange that animals depend on vegetation as food chain and where there is great diversity of flora, one can expect the diversity of animals too. Tree dwelling animals like monkeys generally abound in ever green forests, if the availability of food is taken as one of the criteria. Similarly, the deciduous forests have proved more functional for herbivorous giant mammals like bison, elephants and deers etc. Out of six forest types which have supported wild life in Karnataka, two are to be found in the coastal part and mountain ranges bordering the district.
There is no dearth of diversity of birds in Udupi district.
Different habitats - right from evergreen forests to islands near the
shore, have proved to be congenial habitat for the birds. These include
wild birds, aquatic birds, sea birds and those living in the coast. While,
the evergreen forests of the Western Ghats are home for wild birds,
the water birds are comfortable with back water, reservoirs, tanks and
rivers. The coastal part of the sea is a special habitat and aptly has
encouraged rare birds in these zones.
Hornbills, nicknamed as rain nightingales are the endemic species of the Western Ghats. pied hornbills are becoming rare and the impact of deforestation is visible to a larger extent. White bellied sea gull is yet another bird listed as endangered species in the district. This rare bird is protected under the wild life (conservation) Act. The other important birds of interest are Ceylon frog mouth, black kestrel, imperial green pigeon, nightjar, laughing thrush, emerald dove. The wading birds and water dwelling birds are aplenty. Among the abundant water birds, mention may be made of heron, grey heron, purple heron, darter, little grebe(dabchick), water hens and a wide variety of ducks, heron (Krouncha), coot, kingfishers. In addition, the other scavengers like shikra, kestrel, black kite and crows flourish in large numbers. Birds from the northern hemisphere migrate to many parts of the coastal areas from March to April, every year.